It is believed that when mughal emperor jahangir saw the kashmir valley he exclaimed agar firdaus ba roy i. Jammu and kashmir jammu and kashmir is a region which is administered by india as a union territory and consists of the southern portion of the larger kashmir region which has been the subject of a dispute between india and pakistan since 1947 and between india and china since 1962.
Kashmir is an area on the northern borders of india and pakistan and the southwestern border of china.
Jammu and kashmir map india and pakistan. Jammu and kashmir is the northern most and one of the most beautiful indian states. A resolution was passed in both houses of parliament in august 2019 to abrogate article 370. Our this map image is a near factual representation of how it looks and works.
The conflict started after the partition of india in 1947 as both india and pakistan claimed the entirety of the former princely state of jammu and kashmir it is a dispute over the region that escalated into three wars between india and pakistan. Jammu and kashmir was a region formerly administered by india as a state from 1954 to 2019 constituting the southern and southeastern portion of the larger kashmir region which has been the subject of a dispute between india pakistan and china since the mid 20th century. About jammu and kashmir jammu kashmir a new union territory ut of india was born on october 31 2019.
Pakistan controls the northern and western one third of the territory while india has control of the southern area. Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the indian subcontinent until the mid 19th century the term kashmir denoted only the kashmir valley between the great himalayas and the pir panjal range today the term encompasses a larger area that includes the indian administered territories of jammu and kashmir and ladakh the pakistani administered territories of azad kashmir and. Jammu and kashmir is an integral part of india but parts of it are controlled by china and pakistan.
The kashmir conflict is a territorial conflict over the kashmir region primarily between india and pakistan with china playing a third party role. The underlying region of this state were parts of the former princely state of jammu and kashmir whose western districts. The region remains divided and claimed by both nations.
This area has been in dispute between india and pakistan since they gained independence from the british in 1947. To the south of the gilgit baltistan ajk is a 250 mile long and 40 mile wide. Since 1948 pakistan and india have fought two additional wars over jammu and kashmir in 1965 and in 1999.
Azad jammu and kashmir ajk free jammu and kashmir which is considered independent of both india and pakistan. Both countries claim kashmir as a part of their country and as a result.