The river indus was referred to as sindhu in ancient india in sanskrit the language prevalent in ancient india the meaning of sindhu is a large body of water sea or ocean to the persians the river was hindu from the persian achaemenid empire the name passed on to the greeks as indos and the romans adopted it as indus. Aug 18 2013 historically known as the cradle of india the indus river is one of india s sub region s greatest rivers.
The indus river called sindhū in sanskrit with cognates in most indic languages is one of the main rivers of the indo gangetic plain in the indian subcontinent.
Indus river ancient asia map. Map of indus river basin 4 india is named after the river indus. It is one of the longest rivers in the world with a length of some 2 000 miles 3 200 km. The earliest chronicles and hymns of the aryan peoples of ancient india the rigveda composed about 1500 bce mention the river which is the source of the country s name.
The indus river valley s people may possibly have built the world s first cities mohenjo daro and harappa. Dozens of rivers are found in the middle east asia most are small so here we highlight the four major ones and offer a brief description. Originating in the tibetan plateau in the vicinity of lake manasarovar the river runs a course through the ladakh region of india towards gilgit baltistan and then flows.
The indus river is 3 180 kilometers 1 976 miles long and it is also the longest river in pakistan. The indus valley civilization of ancient india was one of the earliest civilizations in world history it was located in the north western region of the indian subcontinent and its rise and fall form the first great chapter in the history of ancient india. It flows through china western tibet india and pakistan.
Drainage the indus river features a total catchment basin of more than 1 165 000 square km. Indus river great trans himalayan river of south asia. This river flows from a high plateau in the pamir mountains of central asia across southern tajikistan forming its border with afghanistan then northwest forming parts of the borders between turkmenistan and uzbekistan and.
Mainly flowing through pakistan before emptying into the arabian sea serving as a transportation rout.